Articles (1,644)


Featured Article

Janus Funds Decline Sparks Debate

by Adrienne Pauly
Thursday, August 17, 2000

Falling stars, whether celestial or financial, draw intense interest from observers who react variously to them. The recent disappointment of the Janus Funds after years of stellar performance has produced a strong response within the financial community ...Read More

Article Library

  • Larry Swedroe

    Too Many Cooks in The Kitchen

    by Larry Swedroe — Monday, August 14, 2000

    Brad Barber and Terrance Odean of the Graduate School of Management, University of California at Davis, have done a series of studies on investor behavior and performance. The following summary discusses some of their studies and their main findings. Individual investors on ...Read More

  • Jim Wiandt

    Slice and Dice Primer

    by Jim Wiandt — Thursday, August 10, 2000

    I thought it might be instructive to post part of my reply to him here so that newcomers to the debate have a better idea of what we're talking ...Read More

  • Asset Allocation Is Not Dead

    by Julia Curbo — Friday, August 4, 2000

    A February article in the Wall Street Journal discussed the end of asset allocation. In the interim, of course, many undiversified investors have gotten a rude awakening. ...Read More

  • Larry Swedroe

    How You Interpret the Data Makes All the Difference

    by Larry Swedroe — Thursday, August 3, 2000

    Business Week is a highly regarded publication. Unfortunately, while its reporting of the business news is excellent, the value of its investment advice is often wrongheaded. The reason is that their objective is to sell magazines and gain advertising ...Read More

  • Factor Rotation: Size, Value and Market Correlation

    by William Bernstein — Wednesday, August 2, 2000

    Of all of the tidbits of financial pornography bandied about in the media by market analysts, none is more hackneyed than "rotation": "Well Lou, I think what we saw this week was a rotation out of the cucumber sector and into bagels." This is a fatuous ...Read More

  • Will McClatchy

    Hidden Trading Costs ETF Investors Should Know About

    by Will McClatchy — Monday, July 31, 2000

    How does a small investor know he is getting the best price when he buys or sells an exchange-traded fund (ETF)? The truth is that brokers may quite legally complete a trade at less-than-optimal prices and pocket the difference, and the investor may never ...Read More

  • Magical Run or a Bunch of Hype?

    by Larry Putnam — Saturday, July 29, 2000

    Business Week is a respected bastion of the financial media. Like much of the mainstream media, the magazine has a penchant for publicizing trading successes. In its July 24th issue, BW printed a 4-page analysis of "Inside Wall Street" columnist Gene ...Read More

  • And the Rich Get Richer

    by Charles Clawson — Friday, July 28, 2000

    Vanguard, the leader in low-fee investment funds, announced Wednesday it will offer a price break on expenses for its long-term investors and those with big money accounts. The new "Admiral" share class could save shareholders 33% in fees. ...Read More

  • Jim Wiandt

    Diversifying Internationally - Safe and Sensible

    by Jim Wiandt — Tuesday, July 25, 2000

    You've got a house, a broad section of the U.S. Market, and some bonds. You think you're diversified? Think again. Without a healthy allotment of international stocks, your porfolio is not as diversified as it should be. ...Read More

  • NYSE Looks to Challenge American Exchange ETF Hegemony

    by Staff — Thursday, July 20, 2000

    There are currently 58 exchange-traded funds available to investors. Their combined assets amount to some $47 billion. Every one of them trades on the American Stock Exchange (AMEX). This may soon change. The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) today expressed ...Read More

  • Jim Wiandt

    Fortune to Create Exchange-Traded Funds

    by Jim Wiandt — Wednesday, July 19, 2000

    The latest in a procession of exchange-traded funds (ETFs) to enter the market comes from Fortune, which has licensed State Street Global Advisors (SsgA) to manage new ETFs based on the Fortune 500 and Fortune e-50 stock indexes. ...Read More

  • Calvert Group Opens a Socially Responsible Fund of its Own

    by Staff — Thursday, July 13, 2000

    Socially responsible index pioneer Calvert Group recently launched the Calvert Social Index Fund (ticker symbol: CALVIN) to track the performance of the Calvert Social Index. The Calvert index aims to be the broadest-based, most rigorously screened ...Read More

  • Investors Flunk Vanguard Test

    by Staff — Wednesday, July 12, 2000

    Mutual fund investors scored an average of 37% on a test of their fund and market savvy. The quiz, sponsored by the Vanguard Group and Money Magazine, tested investor knowledge of mutual funds basics and market ...Read More

  • Jim Wiandt

    Are the Risks of Exchange-Traded Funds

    by Jim Wiandt — Friday, July 7, 2000

    A key risk inherent in exchange-traded funds (ETFs) is being misrepresented by its proponents, charges Mercer Bullard and the Consumer Federation of America. Sponsors of ETFs responded variously-challenging the critics' data, agreeing, or vowing to change ...Read More

  • Jim Wiandt

    Are the Risks of Exchange-Traded Funds Being Downplayed?

    by Jim Wiandt — Friday, July 7, 2000

    A key risk inherent in exchange-traded funds (ETFs) is being misrepresented by its proponents, charges Mercer Bullard and the Consumer Federation of America. Sponsors of ETFs responded variously-challenging the critics' data, agreeing, or vowing to change ...Read More

  • Indexing on a Shoestring

    by Aviya Kushner — Thursday, July 6, 2000

    The biggest excuse small investors make is always lack of cash. But sit back and imagine enjoying the diversification benefits and low cost of indexing for just $50 each month. ...Read More

  • The New Indexing

    by Eugene Fama Jr. — Saturday, July 1, 2000

    Old-school indexers claim the market portfolio is the only legitimate stock investment. Tilting a portfolio toward a particular piece of the market like small company stocks or value stocks is seen as stock picking, which in turn is seen as gambling ...Read More

  • Bond Index Funds - A Synopsis

    by Sam Henry — Friday, June 30, 2000

    It is fitting that a detailed discussion about bond index funds should begin by mentioning John Bogle and Vanguard Mutual ...Read More

  • Buying Technology Stocks With Exchange Traded Funds

    by Max Issacman — Wednesday, June 28, 2000

    These days you can turn on the television, almost 24 hours a day, and see which market savant is buying tech stocks, who has changed their mind and is selling out of tech stocks, who is jumping into biotech stocks, and so forth. ...Read More

  • Does an Investor Who is Younger than 40 Need Bonds?

    by Julia Curbo — Thursday, June 22, 2000

    We've been seeing some interesting portfolio mixes lately. One young gentleman raved about his "diversified" portfolio and how well he was doing. He had 50% in an S&P index fund, 20% in the tech laden Janus Growth & Income, and 30% in his employers' (also ...Read More

  • John Spence

    It Pays to be Good

    by John Spence — Wednesday, June 21, 2000

    Socially responsible mutual funds were first introduced in the early 1980s, but until recently their performance has lagged the market. The "sin stocks"- those involved in tobacco, weapons development, nuclear power, and pornography-outperformed socially ...Read More

  • Japanese Government Shifts Emphasis to Topix

    by Staff — Tuesday, June 20, 2000

    The Nikkei 225 Average has long reigned as the dominant Japanese index, but the Tokyo Stock Exchange's Topix index is quickly strengthening its reputation in status-conscious Japan. ...Read More

  • From the Message Boards: Index Funds Disciples Duke it Out

    by Staff — Friday, June 16, 2000

    Following is a recent letter exchange Jim Wiandt (the Managing Editor at, pictured above left) had with Jason Zweig (The Fundamentalist at, pictured above right). It was posted to the Index Funds Seminar discussion board with ...Read More

  • Jim Wiandt

    Parade of iShares Continues

    by Jim Wiandt — Wednesday, June 14, 2000

    Barclays Global Investors continues its rollout of iShares. By mid-July, there will be over 50 domestic and international iShare funds available covering just about every broad U.S. market sector, and most of the major international markets. ...Read More

  • Bogle Wins $25 Bet

    by Staff — Tuesday, June 13, 2000

    Five years after making the biggest bet of his life, John C. Bogle, founder of the Vanguard Group, collected $25 from Robert Markman of Markman Capital Management. ...Read More

  • Standard & Poor's Sues Vanguard

    by Staff — Friday, June 9, 2000

    Two indexing heavyweights are sparring over the use of indexes by exchange-traded funds. Standard & Poor's parent company McGraw-Hill sued Vanguard Group June 8th over the use of its flagship S&P 500 Index. ...Read More

  • Jim Wiandt

    Recent Portfolio Theory - Advice in a Multifactor World

    by Jim Wiandt — Wednesday, June 7, 2000

    A bewildering array of new portfolio theories confront the investor as he tries to put together an investment strategy. Cochrane's paper touches on some of the more important studies, and ultimately comes to a number of conclusions that should come as no ...Read More

  • Jim Wiandt

    Bush's Plan: Indexing Boon or Market Disaster?

    by Jim Wiandt — Wednesday, May 24, 2000

    Republican presidential candidate George W. Bush recently proposed a plan to partially privatize Social Security. Would the plan give a healthy boost to the stock market while shoring up retirement returns, or would it inflate the market into a dangerous ...Read More

  • Jim Wiandt

    Barclay's ETFs in Play - Cheap to Hold, Easy to Trade

    by Jim Wiandt — Friday, May 19, 2000

    In a further boon to index investors, Barclays has launched a series of funds known as iShares that have record-breaking low expense ratios. During the month of May, Barclays will commence trading of 14 new funds. Four, tracing the S&P 500, the Russell ...Read More

  • Jim Wiandt

    Vanguard Enters ETF Fray, Bogle Not Sure He Would Have Done It

    by Jim Wiandt — Tuesday, May 16, 2000

    The Vanguard Group announced its plan to launch Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs). The funds, called Vipers, would be linked to Vanguard index funds. In a Wall Street Journal interview, Vanguard founder John Bogle said, "Anything that gets investors involved ...Read More

  • John Spence

    First ETFs Launched in Europe

    by John Spence — Friday, May 12, 2000

    Riding a wave of popularity in the United States, the first exchange-traded funds (ETFs) to be based in European markets were launched. The new ETFs track indexes in Germany and the United ...Read More

  • Jim Wiandt

    Soros Retreat!

    by Jim Wiandt — Thursday, May 4, 2000

    Billionaire George Soros, long an icon to active hedge fund managers, announced his withdrawal from aggressive hedge fund ...Read More

  • Jim Wiandt

    Are Small Cap Index Funds Poised for a Rebound?

    by Jim Wiandt — Friday, April 21, 2000

    Small cap stocks have outperformed large cap companies this century over many longer-term periods. In recent years, however, the returns of large cap indexes have dwarfed those of small cap indexes. Does this signify the forthcoming dominance of small cap ...Read More

  • Comparing Different Tax Sheltered Investment Accounts

    by Staff — Wednesday, April 19, 2000

    Investors have a variety of options when looking to invest their money in tax-sheltered retirement accounts. For investors with more limited income, the traditional IRA allows for an immediate tax deductions. The more recently instituted Roth IRA is ...Read More

  • Index Returns Through 3-31-2000

    by Staff — Wednesday, April 19, 2000

    Returns are in percentages, all annualized except for 1st Quarter 2000. Example: an investor placing $100 in 3-month T-Bills in 3/31/99 would have approximately $105.20 before fees in 3/31/00. ...Read More

  • Jim Wiandt

    Tax Sheltering Index Funds

    by Jim Wiandt — Wednesday, April 19, 2000

    While it may seem counterintuitive, your retirement fund may well be the best place to hold the riskier end of your ...Read More

  • Magellan Finally Dethroned

    by Staff — Thursday, April 6, 2000

    The eclipse was predicted for years. Finally on April 5 Vanguard 500 became the largest fund in the world with $107.2 billion in assets, surpassing Fidelity's Magellan Fund at $106.9 billion, according to ...Read More

  • Will McClatchy

    Closet Index Funds, Investors Don't Ask, Funds Don't Tell

    by Will McClatchy — Tuesday, March 28, 2000

    Fans of actively managed mutual funds pay handsomely to try to outperform the S&P 500. But many do not realize that some of their favorite funds resemble the S&P 500 or other index so closely that beating this benchmark by much is unlikely. When fees are ...Read More

  • The Merchants of Greenwich

    by William Bernstein — Saturday, March 25, 2000

    Aside from my Simpsons addiction I don't watch much television. But when a friend called me up one evening and told me to catch the PBS/Nova documentary "The Trillion Dollar Bet" I knew I wasn't going to be disappointed. After all, it's not every day that ...Read More

  • Tracking the Nasdaq

    by William Jennings — Friday, March 17, 2000

    The Nasdaq index is capturing everyone's interest, but there are precious few ways to invest in it. The performance of the Nasdaq has gone through the roof in the past few years. Created in 1971, it didn't reach 1000 until July 7, 1995; it took less than ...Read More

  • Wash Sale Rules

    by IRS — Wednesday, March 1, 2000

    A wash sale occurs when you sell or trade stock or securities at a loss and within 30 days before or after the sale you: Buy substantially ...Read More

  • Exchange Traded Funds: A White Paper

    by Jim Novakoff — Thursday, February 24, 2000

    This paper reviews the history of exchange traded funds (ETFs). ETFs, with names such as Spiders and Diamonds, are investments that are both exchange-listed (like corporate equity securities) and open-ended (continuously offering shares like open-ended ...Read More

  • Price War

    by Staff — Friday, February 18, 2000

    State Street Global Advisors plans to drop fees on its S&P index fund below those of Vanguard, according to a recent SEC filing. ...Read More